Ovid
Passage from "Tristia", by Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso)
book 5, chapter 10, line 25:


Latin: "Sub galea pastor iunctis pice cantat auenis"

English translation: "Under his helmet the shepherd plays on reeds joined with pitch-gum."


Biography
Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) was born in Rome, educated for public life and held some offices of considerable dignity, but poetry was his delight, and he early resolved to devote himself to it. He accordingly sought the society of the contemporary poets, and was acquainted with Horace and saw Virgil, though the latter died when Ovid was yet too young and undistinguished to have formed his acquaintance. Ovid spent an easy life at Rome in the enjoyment of a competent income. He was intimate with the family of Augustus, the emperor, and it is supposed that some serious offence given to some member of that family was the cause of an event which reversed the poet's happy circumstances and clouded all the latter portion of his life. In the year 8 A.D. Ovid was banished from Rome, and ordered to betake himself to Tomis, on the borders of the Black Sea. Here, among the barbarous people and in a severe climate, the poet, who had been accustomed to all the pleasures of a luxurious capital and the society of his most distinguished contemporaries, spent the last ten years of his life, worn out with grief and anxiety. His only consolation in exile was to address his wife and absent friends, and his letters were all poetical. Though these poems (the Tristia and Letters from Pontus) have no other topic than the poet's sorrows, his exquisite taste and fruitful invention have redeemed them from the charge of being tedious, and they are read with pleasure and even with sympathy. The two great works of Ovid are his "Metamorphoses" and his "Fasti", both mythological poems.